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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 300-305

Venous thromboembolism: Knowledge and awareness among students of faculties of medicine in Southeast Nigeria—A need for curriculum review

1 Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku Ozalla Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Radiology, Abia State University Teaching Hospital Aba, Abia State, Nigeria
3 Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria
4 Thrombosis and Haemostasis Unit, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Theresa U Nwagha
Department of Haematology and Immunology, College of Medicine UNN/University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla Campus, Enugu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmh.IJMH_15_22

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Background: The burden of venous thromboembolism (VTE) can be reduced through awareness programs, as VTE is largely preventable. Objective: We sought to determine the level of knowledge among medical students in Southeast Nigeria. Materials and Methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study in clinical students at four medical schools in the southeast of Nigeria. The pretested and prevalidated version 11 of the Ipsos-Reid questionnaire was used. Results: A total of 784 students with a mean age of 23.5 ± 3.0 years participated in the study. Our respondents showed a high level of awareness of VTE (99.1%). The majority 638 (87.6%) of the respondents correctly described vein thrombosis as a blood clot in a vein. A little more than half of them knew how clots feel in the legs (51.0%) and lungs (57.5%). Their level of awareness of possible risk factors for VTE was above 57%. The relationship between medical school and the level of perception was statistically significant ([P ≤ 0.0001. Conclusion: Awareness is high, but general knowledge was low among our medical students. This may be a call to curriculum adjustment in our medical schools.

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