• Users Online: 98
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-34

Pattern of female genital tract malignancy in University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu


1 Dept of Radiation Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Dept of Morbid Anatomy, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria
3 Dept of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
K C Nwankwo
Radiation Medicine Department, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) Ituku Ozalla, PMB. 01129 Enugu
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4314/jcm.v16i1.5

Rights and Permissions

Background: To evaluate the relative frequencies and stage at presentation of the various types of female genital cancers in Enugu and to compare that with other centres both within and outside Nigeria. Methods: This is a retrospective study covering a period of five years from 2005 - 2009. Data on female genital cancers were collected from patients' case notes from the gynaecology ward of University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu, the cancer registry and histopathology records from morbid anatomy department. The data were analysed using SPSS version 11 Statistical programme. Results: Relative frequency of the female genital tumours shows that cancer of the uterine cervix was the commonest with 77(65.8%). This was followed by ovarian cancer contributing 19(16.2%) , uterine cancer accounted for 15(12.8%), vulval (4.3%) and vaginal cancers(0.9%). The highest parity rate was amongst the women with cervical cancer. Fifty (65%) of the cervical cancer patients were grandmultiparous, 71.4% of cervical cancer patients presented at advanced stage (stages III and IV) while 82% of ovarian cancer patients presented at advanced stages. Conclusion: Cervical cancer is the most common gynaecological cancer seen in University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital and most of them present in advanced stage of the disease with poor outcome. This is worrisome knowing that cancer of the uterine cervix is to some extent potentially preventable and can be diagnosed early with effective screening. There is need to create policies aimed at mandatory and free cervical cancer screening of every sexually active woman from 25years and above.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed515    
    Printed56    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded91    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal