• Users Online: 1012
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 2-8

The prevalence of microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetic patients in Enugu metropolis


1 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
I S I Ogbu
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Objective: To determine the prevalence of microalbuminuria among diabetic patients seen in two tertiary hospitals in Enugu, southeast Nigeria and its relationship with the patients' characteristics. Materials and Methods: Ninety three (93) patients, 46 males, aged between 35 and 71 years and registered in the diabetic clinics of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla and the Parklane Specialist Hospital, both in Enugu Southeast, Nigeria were randomly selected for the study. Results: Fifteen (15) patients (16.1%) had microalbuminuria. The mean (±SD) concentration of microalbumin of the patients was 31.74 (±9.69) mg/dl. The mean (±SD) age, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fasting blood glucose (FBG), and duration of diabetes of the patients with microalbuminuria were, 53 (±11) years, 26.1 (±4.7) kg/ m2, 147.9 (±22.7) mmHg, 89.7 (±11.9) mmHg, 11.9 (±6.7) mmol/l, 6.0 (±4.0) years respectively. For the whole study population, corresponding values were 57.0(±13.0) years, 26.9 (±5.9) kg/m2, 139.2 (±22.8) mmHg, 83.1 (±11.8) mmHg, 9.9 (±5.9) mmol/l, and 6.0 (±5.0) years. The mean BBP and FBG values of patients with microalbuminuria differed significantly form that of patients without microalbuminuria, p< 0.05. Microalbumin concentration did not correlate with any of the parameters but was associated with poorer glycaemic control, higher SBP and longer duration of illness and the male sex. Conclusions: The recorded 16.1% prevalence of microalbuminuria in this study is an indication of high cardiovascular risk and predisposition to severe renal damage. There are drugs for early intervention to delay progression or reverse early glomerular damage. It is recommended that regular check for microalbuminuria be incorporated in the care of Nigeria diabetic patients in order to detect and treat early glomerular damage.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed460    
    Printed29    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded82    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal