• Users Online: 317
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 22-28

The prevalence and socio-demographic characteristics of persons with TB and TB/HIV co-infection at the chest clinic of the University of Nigeria teaching hospital, Enugu, Nigeria

1 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Nigeria
2 Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O C Ekwueme
Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, P.M.B 01129 Enugu
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Aim: Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS together pose the greatest threat to human health. This study assessed the prevalence and socio-demographic variables of persons affected with TB and TB/HIV co-infections at the chest clinic of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu, Nigeria. Methods: A retrospective study of 726 patients treated at the chest unit, UNTH from 2003 to 2005 was conducted. A simple random sampling technique was used. Data proforma was used to extract information from the patient's folders, treatment cards and clinic registers. Level of significant was set at 5% confidence level. Results: The prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and TB/HIV co-infection were 85.7% and 14.3% respectively. The age group 20-39 years had the highest prevalence rate of 51.8% for PTB and 72.2% for TB/HIV co-infection.. Students, traders and civil servants had the highest occupational prevalence of 29.0%, 27.7%, 18.6% respectively for PTB and 22.1%, 35.6% and 15.4% respectively for TB/HIV co-infection. The prevalence of PTB was higher among male patients (59.6%) than female counterparts (40.4%) but the prevalence of TB/HIV co-infection was higher in the females (53.8%) than the males (46.2%). The observed differences in the prevalence rates were statistically significant (p=0.000). Conclusion: There is a corresponding high prevalence of PTB and TB/HIV co-infections among patients attended to in the chest unit of the UNTH for the period 2003 through 2005. Regular and targeted health education intervention on TB and TB/HIV co-infection is recommended for these patients in the future.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded74    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal