Adipose tissue tumours in Port Harcourt (A ten year review)
D Seleye-Fubura, EN Etebu
Department of Anatomical Pathology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
D Seleye-Fubura Dept of Anatomical Pathology, UPTH, Port Harcourt Nigeria
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Aim: To review the characteristics of adipose tissue tumors in Port Harcourt.
Method: A ten year (January 1990 - December 1999) retrospective study of 160 adipose tissue tumors was carried out by the authors which was made up of 153 benign and 7 malignant tumors occurring at various anatomical sites of the body. All the histological slides previously stained with hematoxylin and eosin stains were retrieved to confirm previous diagnosis. Special stains was also used for the confirmation of some cases. Variables considered include tumor location, age and sex which were extracted from the request forms and daily specimen record books.
Results: Adipose tissue tumors accounted for 2.4% of total tumors diagnosed during the study period. Majority (82=51.3%) occurred in females and 78 (48.7%) occurred in males giving a sex ratio of 1.1:1. Benign and malignant tumors accounted for 95.6% and 4.4% respectively giving a ratio of 22.1. The ages varies from 36 to 69 years and the highest frequency of occurrence was the upper arm.
Conclusion: Adipose tissue tumors are one of the commonest soft tissue tumors. Though not given much attention in medical practice and in literature, it posed cosmetic problems. The location and size of the tumor determined the symptoms which ranges from dyspnea to a feeling of fullness and discomfort on motion.