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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 101-103

Orbito-Ocular tumours in Nigerian children

Ophthalmology Department, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
E N Onwasigwe
Department of Ophthalmology, U.N.TH, Enugu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Aim: An analysis of orbito -ocular tumours in Enugu, Nigeria. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of patients seen at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, between January 1990 and December 1999. The information sought included demographic data, presenting symptoms, diagnosis, mode of treatment and histological pattern. Results: Of the 134 patients enrolled for the study, 51 of them (38.1%) had retinoblastoma. This was considered the highest presenting orbito-ocular tumour in children. Other conditions included neurofibromatosis, dermolipoma, chalazion, haemangioma, rhabdom- yosarcoma, pseudotumour, dermoid cyst, Burkitt's lymphoma, liposarcoma, lipoma and onchocercal nodule. About 70% of the patients presented at five years and below. Patients with intraocular tumours were 38.0% of total, followed by orbital tumours (34.0%), eye lid tumours (18.%) and conjunctival tumours (10.0%). Intraocular tumours ranged highest because retinoblastoma contributed to the highest number of cases and is primarily intraocular. Conclusion: This study has brought to light the many aspect of orbito-ocular tumours in Nigerian children and also highlighted the many problems caused by inadequate facilities for diagnosis and management.

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