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Year : 1997  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 31-33

Typhoid fever epidemic in Nigeria or unsatisfactory screening techniques?

1 National Arbovirus and Vectors' Research Division, Federal Ministry of Health, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Dept. of Microbiology, U.N.T.H, Enugu, Nigeria
3 Dept. of Community Medicine, U.N.T.H., Enugu, Nigeria
4 Dept. of Community Health and Primary Health Care, N.A.U.T.H, Nnewi, Nigeria
5 School of Nursing, U.N.T.H., Enugu, Nigeria

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A mainly literature-based epidemiological investigation on the diagnosis of Typhoid Fever (TF) with special reference to the Nigerian situation was made. The following major inferences were reached (i) Diagnosis of TF by all currently available techniques are not fool proof except bone-marrow, blood and stool cultures, (ii) Widal test is used without standardized cut-off titres. (iii) widal test should be supported by clinical and other considerations, (iv) Presently, TF diagnosis in Nigeria appears unsatisfactory. Appropriate epidemiological studies in Nigeria is proposed in the development of reliable screening procedures for TF.

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