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Year : 1996  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-40

Epidemiology of smear positive tuberculosis in Enugu State, Nigeria

Department of Community Medicine, UNEC

Correspondence Address:
FWACP M N Aghaji
Department of Community Medicine, UNEC

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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An analysis of the case finding information of 376 smear positive tuberculosis cases consecutively registered from January to June 1991 with the two treatment centres in Enugu State was carried out. Their case detection rate was 34%. At registration, 80% of cases were aged 15-54 years with the peak age of distribution as 25-34 years. The male to female ratio was 1.8:1 and approximately 89% of the patients were in the social classes IV and V. The average number of symptoms per patient was 4.0 with productive cough as the commonest symptom. Patients generally presented late for treatment and 90% of cases had advanced disease. Distance was not the sole determinant of the selection of the centre for treatment but also ethnic and political factors played a role. The need for proper health education of the public and health workers is emphasised.

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